Indicolite

Dark blue tourmaline is called indicolite or, occasionally, indigolite. Indicolite is often heat-treated to lighten its color and produce a more attractive stone.

An important source for indicolite is Siberia (Russia), where it occurs in yellow clays formed from weathered granites. Fine, bright blue tourmaline has recently been found in Paraiba, Brazil. Other localities include Madagascar and United States.

A lilac to violet-blue or reddish blue variety (first found in Russia) is known as siberite.

Indicolite Properties

Chemical Composition: 
Complex borosilicate
Crystal System / Forms: 
Trigonal
Hardness: 
7.5
Specific Gravity: 
3.06
Lustre: 
Vitreous
Refractive Index / Birefringence: 
1.62-1.64 / 0.018
Sources: 
Siberia (Russia), Paraiba (Brazil), Madagascar and United States.
Cuts & Uses: 
Step cut, mixed cut.